Globalization

India has moved forwards in advocating global usefulness of Ayurveda contemporary scenario of health care through global net works. As a result many foreign countries have began looking to India for understanding Ayurveda and incorporating it through education, research and practice to meet the overwhelming desire of consumers to access Complementary & Alternative Medicine. Indian Missions in U.S.A., U.K., Russia, Germany, Hungary, South Africa have played an effective role in channeling the information of Ayurveda and opening up new opportunities for the spread of Indian Medicine in to foreign institutions and the general public awareness building about Ayurveda in the foreign countries has been identified as an important thrust area. During 2001-2002 following efforts were made by the Indian Govt. in the area of globalisation:

 

  1. Experts were deputed to attend symposia & Seminars held in foreign countries to project Indian experiences & initiatives in the field of traditional medicine.
  2. A delegation led by Joint Secretary, Department of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy and consisting of Ayurveda experts, scientists and industry representatives presented scientific basis of Ayurveda and the extensive research work done before a Sub Committee on Alternative Medicine set up by the House of Lords of the U.K. Parliament resulting in to moving the Ayurvedic single herbal medicines from category-3 to category-1. This presentation led to dispel doubts about the efficacy validity and scientific basis of Ayurveda which was in fact acknowledged by Lord Walton in the UK Parliament.
  3. A Seminar cum Exhibition mainly of Ayurveda was arranged in Geneva on the occasion of the World Health Assembly with a view to sensitize the participants of the assembly about the infrastructure, strengths, scientific validity & basis of Ayurveda and efficacious role of Panchkarma in treatment of chronic diseases. The event was well received and succeeded to generate interest for Ayurveda products and literature.
  4. Two seminars and a presentation of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy were organised in the ‘Made in India’ show at Johannesburg, South Africa during 18-21 July, 2001. Yoga demonstrations and literatures on the practice of Ayurveda,use of medicinal plants in the treatment of comon ailments, strengths of Homoeopathy in health care and preventive & curative roles of Yoga were arranged during the seminar. Getting convinced with the strength and scientific basis of Ayurveda, South Africa has decided to enact a Regulation which will oversee in import of Traditional medicines particularly Ayurveda & Unani. Indian delegation under the leadership of Minister of State for Health & Family Welfare also visited the Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, which is a part of the University of Dehradun where, it has been decided to introduce a course on ayurveda.
  5. Yoga experts from National Institute of Yogam, New Delhi participated in a Yoga conference arranged by the Indian Embassy in Dushanbe, Kazakhstan. Lecture cum Demonstration of Yoga were given not only to the general public but also to the staff of Ministry of Defence, teaching faculty & students of Medical University, doctors and staff of the Army Hospital. 
  6. An Indian team comprising Joint Secretary of the Department of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homeopathy and Ayurveda experts from premier institutes participated in a seminar on Indian Systems of Medicine held in Berlin, Germany. Infrastructure related details, policy support; research work of Ayurveda was highlighted through an audio-visual presentation.
  7. A five member delegation led by the Secretary of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homeopathy visited Moscow and St. Petersburg in Russia to assess the development made on the implementation of the MOU signed between India and Russia for undertaking collaborative & co-operative activities in the field of Ayurveda. A series of meetings were held during the visit with Deputy Health Minister of Russian Federation, Academic Council of Doctors of St.Petersburg. Moscow institute of Medico-social Rehabilitation, Russian State Medical University, Academician G,I,Marchuk-Director of the Russian Academy of Sciences and representatives of Russian companies interested in importing Ayurvedic medicines and other products. The main issues discussed were related to deputation of Ayurveda teachers & experts, establishment of Ayurveda Research Center in Russia, import of Ayurveda medicines, translation of Ayurveda books & research papers in Russian language and above all recognition of Ayurveda as a medical and health care system in Russia. All these issues are actively followed up for fruitful implementation of the MOU for propagation of Ayurveda in Russia in right perspective.
  8. Secretary of the Department along with Adviser –Ayurveda visited USA in November 2001 to discuss Ayurveda education programme with the officers of the National Center for Alternate & Complementary Medicine, which is under the National Institute of Health, Bethedsa, Washington; for evolving plans to facilitate the introduction of training modules on Ayurveda in US medical schools. A clear strategy for overall development and propagation of Ayurveda in USA has been laid down and capsule courses of Ayurveda will be introduced in US medical schools. It was decided that a team of 15 medical experts would visit India for interaction with Indian experts for exploring possibility of research collaboration in the field of Ayurveda. University of Maryland’s Medical School was found to be very receptive to introducing Ayurveda sessions in the university and to start short term teaching programme for students.
  9. An Ayurveda officer from the department of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homeopathy participated in a W.H.O. Regional meeting on ‘Integration of Traditional Medicine in the National Health Systems’ held in November 2001 at Harare, Zimbabwe.
  10. A Memorandum of Understanding is being signed with the Government of Hungary for development of Ayurveda in that country. Hungarian Government has recognized Ayurveda and 40 of its products are being sold there.

Milestones in Ayurveda

  • Divine origin of Ayurveda from Lord Brahma – Dates back to origin of human race.
  • Mention of various references on Health, Diseases and Medicinal Plants in Rig-veda and Atharv-veda- 5000 BC.
  • Origin of Attreya and Dhanwantari School of Ayurveda-1000 BC.
  • Documentation of Charaka Samhita -600 BC.
  • Documentation of Sushruta Samhita- 500 BC.
  • Advent of Muslim Rulers and start of the Decline of Ayurveda – 1100-1800 .
  • Resurrection of Ayurvedic system of Medicine under the rule of Peshwas.-1800 AD.
  • Classes in Ayurvedic medicine opened in Government Sanskrit College, Calcutta -1827.
  • Discontinuation of classes in Government Sanskrit College by British-1833.
  • Dr. Komar Commission (one-man commission) to make investigation in indigenous system of medicine- 1917.
  • Indian National Congress Convention at Nagpur recommended acceptance of Ayurvedic system of medicine as India’s National Health Care System-1920.
  • Mahatma Gandhi inaugurated Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College in Delhi-1921.
  • Mahamana Madan Mohan Malviya established Ayurveda college in B. H.U., Varanasi-1927.
  • Enforcement of Drugs and Cosmetics Act for Ayurvedic/Siddha/Unani medicines-1940.
  • Bhora Committee or Health Survey and Development Committee recognised past services of indigenous medicines but failed to recommend for its further development.-1943.
  • Chopra Committee recommended systems of old and modern systems of medicines to evolve a common system of medicine.-1946.
  • Pharmaceutical Enquiry Committee headed by Dr. Bhatia, for intensive research in indigenous drugs of Ayurveda.-1953
  • Recommendation of Dave Committee for uniform standards of Ayurveda education-1955
  • Establishment of Institute of Post-Graduate Training and Research in Gujarat Ayurvedic University, Jamnagar, Gujarat-1956-57
  • Udupa Committee set up. It recommended that there is a need for integrated system of medicine and a training course in Siddha and Ayurveda-1958
  • Establishment of Post Graduate Institute of Ayurveda at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh-1963-64.
  • Amendment of Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 for Indian systems of medicines/drugs-1964.
  • Establishment of Central Board of Siddha and Ayurvedic Education-1964-65.
  • Setting up of an apex Research Body for Indian medicine & Homoeopathy, ‘Central Council for Research in Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (CCRIMH)’-1969.
  • Establishment of Pharmacopoeia Laboratory for Indian medicine, Ghaziabad, U.P.-1970 – 1971.
  • Establishment of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan-1972-73 .
  • Publication of Part-I of Ayurvedic formulary containing 444 preparations-1976.
  • Establishment of Central Council of Research in Ayurveda and Siddha (CCRAS)-1978.
  • Passing of Amended Drugs and Cosmetics Act regulating import/export of Indian Systems of Medicine-1982.
  • Setting up of Indian Medicine Pharmaceutical Corporation Ltd. in Mohan, Almora Distt., Uttaranchal.-1983.
  • Silver Jubilee function of Jawaharlal Nehru Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants Garden and Harbarium, Pune. Inaugurated by Shri R. Venkataraman, Vice-president of India .-1986.
  • Second World Conference on Yoga & Ayurveda held at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh-1986 .
  • Foundation stone of Jawaharlal Nehru Anusandhan Bhawan, Institutional Area, Janakpuri, New Delhi by Hon’ble Vice President of India, Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma-1988 .
  • Establishment of National Academy of Ayurveda (Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth)-1989.
  • Creation of separate Department of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy in Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India-1995.
  • Introduction of Extra mural Research Programme for accredited organizations with central assistance- 1996.
  • Implementation of Central Scheme in 33 organizations for development of agro-techniques of important medicinal plants-1997.
  • Maiden participation of Ayurveda alongwith other systems in India International Trade Fair-1998.
  • Implementation of Central Scheme in 32 laboratories for developing pharmacopoeial standards of Medicinal Plants/ ISM Formualations-1998.
  • Establishment of specialty clinic of Ayurveda in Central Govt. Hospital (Safdarjung Hospital) New Delhi-1998.
  • Implementation of IEC( Information, Education & Communication) Scheme for NGOs for propagation and popularization of Ayurveda & other systems-1998-1999.
  • Participation in Mystique India ( Exhibition cum fair on Indian Traditions)-1997 to 1999.
  • Introduction of Vanaspati Van Scheme for large scale cultivation of Medicinal Plants-1999.
  • Inauguration of Ayurveda conference at Newyork, USA by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Sh. Atal Bihari Vajpayee – 2000
  • Gazette Notification for constitution of Medicinal Plant Board under the Deptt. of Indian Systems of Medicine & Homoeopathy – 2000.
  • Publication of 2nd volume of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia- 2000.
  • Introduction 7 of Ayurvedic Medicines in RCH Programme-2000.
  • Constitution of Advisory group for research in Ayurveda – 2000.
  • Policy Decision on mainstreaming of Ayurveda in RCH programme as per National Population Policy-2000.
  • Implementation of Central Scheme of assistance for strengthening of State Drug Testing Laborites and Pharmacies- 2000-2001.
  • Publication of 3rd volume of Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia- 2001.
  • Publication of English edition of 2nd volume of Ayurvedic Formulary of India- 2001.
  • Maiden participation of ISM tableau on Republic Day- 2001.
  • Exhibition and presentation of Ayurveda during World Health Assembly, Geneva- 2001.
  • Presentation on evidence based support by Deptt. of ISM&H before House of Lords, U.K. against Sir Walton Committee’s Report on status and nomenclature of Ayurveda among Complementary and Alternative systems of Medicine – 2001.
  • Participation of Deptt. in “Made in India” exhibition organized by CII in South Africa-2001.
  • Since then Many national and international ayurveda congresses have been conducted all over India and world. 

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